Native American Tribes of the Southwest

Native Americans Tribes

Southwest Region: Tribal History

Below are brief descriptions about the tribes that artist Dave McGary focuses on in his bronze sculptures of the people of the Southwest region of Native America:


Tribal Origin: Apachean Family
Also known as: ápachu, means ‘enemy’
Native Name: N’de, Dĭnë, Tĭnde and Inde, means ‘people’
Home Territories: Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and the
Great Plains
Language: Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Plains Apache, Mescalero and Western Apache
Enemies: Spanish, Mexicans and Americans
Point of Interest: Were known as great warriors and intelligent tacticians in battles


Tribal Origin: Shoshone
Native Name: Numunuu, means ‘the People’
Home Territories: New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas
Language: Comanche
Alliances: Apache and Kiowa
Enemies: American settlers at times
Point of Interest: Known for attacking on nights with a full moon and for their skills of fighting while on horseback


Tribal Origin: Yuman
Native Name: Havasupai, means ‘blue or green water people’
Home Territories: Arizona
Language: Havasupai
Alliances: Hopi
Point of Interest: Generally, a very peaceful tribe. Mail is still delivered via mule


Tribal Origin: Siouan Family
Also known as: Hopita, means ‘peaceful ones’
Native Name: Hópitu-shínumu, means ‘the peaceful people’
Home Territories: Arizona
Language: Hopi
Alliances: Navaho
Point of Interest: Have lived in America for many centuries. The Hopi have strong sense of more character and their religion is one of anti-war


Tribal Origin: Pueblo
Native Name: Hä’-mish
Home Territories: New Mexico
Enemies: Spanish
Point of Interest: Typically lived in pueblos


Tribal Origin: Kiowa
Native Name: Kgoy-goo, means ‘principle people’
Home Territories: Colorado and Oklahoma
Language: Kiowa
Alliances: Comanches and the Apaches
Enemies: Cheyennes
Point of Interest: Nomatic tribe who survived by hunting buffalo and eating vegetables

Kiowa Apache

Tribal Origin: Athapascan tribe
Also known as: Gattacka
Native Name: Na-ishañ-dina, means ‘our people’
Home Territories: Wyoming
Language: Southern Athabaskan
Alliances: Arapaho and Cheyenne
Enemies: Kiowa
Point of Interest: The measles nearly wiped them out


Tribal Origin: Apache
Native Name: Náizhan, means ‘ours’
Home Territories: New Mexico, Texas and Mexico
Language: Apache
Enemies: Comanche, Mescalero and Spanish
Point of Interest: Were known to cause a lot of trouble in Mexico


Tribal Origin: Yuman
Also known as: Piipaash
Native Name: Hasínai, means ‘people’
Home Territories: Gulf of California and Arizona
Language: Maricopa
Alliances: Pima
Point of Interest: Known for pottery


Tribal Origin: Yuman
Also known as: Mojave
Native Name: Aha Macave, means ‘people who live along the river’
Home Territories: Arizona, California and Nevada
Language: Mojave
Enemies: United States
Point of Interest: Instead of canoes, they were known to make rafts from balsa


Tribal Origin: Southern Athabascan
Also known as: Diné or Navajo, means ‘the people’
Native Name: Navajo
Home Territories: Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico
Language: Navajo
Enemies: United States
Point of Interest: Largest tribe in the United States today


Tribal Origin: Uto-Aztecan family
Also known as: Piute, possibly means ‘Water Ute’
Home Territories: Arizona, California, Nevada and Utah
Language: Paiute
Enemies: Navajo and Utes
Point of Interest: Were sold into slavery by the Navajo and Utes


Tribal Origin: Pima
Native Name: Tohono O’odham, means ‘People of the Desert’
Home Territories: Arizona and Mexico
Language: O’odham
Enemies: Apaches
Point of Interest: Held onto their traditions even through attempts to be assimilated into American society


Tribal Origin: Shoshonean Tribe
Point of Interest: Found living in mining towns in the late 1800s


Tribal Origin: Pecos
Native Name: P’e’-a-ku’
Home Territories: New Mexico
Enemies: Comanche and Querecho
Point of Interest: Only 25 known blood-decendents living today


Tribal Origin: O’odham
Also known as: Akimel O’odham, means ‘river people’
Native Name: Pima, means ‘I don’t know’
Home Territories: Arizona
Language: O’odham
Point of Interest: Known for being good farmers and for setting up irrigation systems


Pueblo Tribes: Jemez, Keresan Pueblos, Piro Pueblos, Tewa Pueblos, Tiwa Pueblos, Zuni, and Hopi
Home Territories: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada and Texas
Language: Multiple
Point of Interest: Lived in stone houses and cliff dwellings


Tribal Origin: Shoshoni
Also known as: Shǐshǐnoats-hitäneo, means ‘snake people’
Native Name: Shoshoni, means ‘the grass people’
Home Territories: California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming
Language: Shoshoni
Enemies: Blackfoot, Crow, Lakota, Cheyennes and Arapahos
Point of Interest: Lived off of Buffalo, fish and rabits


Tribal Origin: O’odham
Home Territories: Arizona
Point of Interest: Disappeared in the 1400s


Tribal Origin: Tanoan family
Also known as: Tano
Native Name: Tewa, means ‘moccasins’
Home Territories: Arizona and New Mexico
Language: Tewa
Point of Interest: Developed their own written language


Tribal Origin: Shoshonean Tribe
Native Name: Ute, means ‘people on the bank’
Ute Tribes: Capote, Cumumba, Kapote, Moache, Moanumts, Pah Vant, Parianuche, San Pitch, Sheberetch, Taviwach, Timanogots, Tumpanawach, Uinta, Uncompahgre, White River, Weeminuche and Yamperika
Home Territories: Colorado, New Mexico and Utah
Language: Ute
Point of Interest: Known for the exquisite beadwork


Tribal Origin: Yuman
Native Name: Hualapai, means ‘people of the tall pine’
Home Territories: Arizona
Language: Hualapai


Tribal Origin: Possibly Yuman
Native Name: Yavapai, means ‘people of the sun’
Home Territories: Arizona
Language: Yavapai
Alliances: Western Apache
Enemies: Maricopa and Pima
Point of Interest: Their form of attack was generally one of attack and retreat


Tribal Origin: Yuman
Also known as: Quechan
Native Name: K-wichhna
Home Territories: Arizona
Language: Quechan
Enemies: United States
Point of Interest: Were known for cultivating pumpkins, melons, corn and beans


Tribal Origin: Pueblos
Native Name: A’shiwi, means ‘the flesh’
Home Territories: New Mexico
Language: Zuni
Point of Interest: Known to be an extremely peaceful tribe who lived off the land

For more information regarding the Native American tribes that Dave McGary focuses on in his bronze sculptures, we recommend the following resources:;; Handbook of American Indians, 1906; Handbook of American Indians, 1912, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 30, part 1 and 2;;;

return to History of Native American Tribes

Map of Native American tribes in North America

Other Native American Tribes of
Bronze Art Sculptor, Dave McGary

Northeast Indian Tribes:
Fox, Huron, Mahican, Martha’s Vineyard Indians, Mohawk, Objibwe, Shawnee and Shinnecock

Southeast Indian Tribes:
Cherokee, Chesapeake, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Pensacola and Seminole

Upper Midwest Indian Tribes:
Algonquian Family, Atsina, Chippewa, Dakota, Foxes, Hurons, Iroquois, Oneida, Potawatomi, Shawnee and Winnebago

Upper Plains Indian Tribes:
Apache (Jicarilla), Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Blackfoot, Brulé Sioux, Caddo, Cheyenne, Cherokee, Chippewa, Comanche Dakota (Sioux), Delaware, Foxes, Gros Ventre, Hidatsa, Hunkpapa, Illinois, Iowa, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Mdewakanton, Sioux, Mandan, Missouri, Oglala, Ojibwa, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Ponca, Quapaw, San Arcs, Sauk, Santee, Seneca, Shawnee and Teton Sioux

Southwest Indian Tribes:
Apache, Comanche, Havasupai, Hopi, Jemez, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Lipan, Maricopa, Mohave, Navaho, Paiute, Papago, Panamint, Pecos, Pima, Pueblo, Shoshoni, Sobaipuri, Tewa Pueblos, Ute, Walapai, Yavapai, Yuma and Zuñi

Mountain Indian Tribes:
Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Atsina, Bannock, Blackfeet (Siksika), Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Jicarilla, Kiowa, Kiowa Apache, Mandan, Nez Percé, Navaho, Paiute, Pawnee, Piegan, Pueblos, Salish, Shoshonean Family and Shoshoni

Canadian Indian Tribes:
Algonkin, Arapaho, Assiniboin, Atsina, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Haida, Hidatsa, Huron, Iroquois, Kutenai and Tionontati


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